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Koalas are an iconic Australian species, recognised internationally and loved locally. They are a uniquely Australian species depending primarily on Eucalypts for feed trees. Five areas of significant koala activity on the coast of our Shire are at Brunswick Heads, Tyagarah, Myocum, West Mullumbimby, West Byron. In the hinterland koala strongholds have been identified in Federal, Goonengerry, Wilson Creek and Montecollum.

Byron Shire is home to 28 species of native frogs including four listed as threatened in NSW. This means Byron Shire has one of the highest diversity of frogs in any one place in Australia.

There are three species of flying-fox that occur in NSW; Grey-headed, Black and Little Red. All three species are protected under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 (NPW Act. The two most commonly encountered species in the Byron Shire are the Black and the Grey-headed flying-foxes.